ChatMaxima Glossary

The Glossary section of ChatMaxima is a dedicated space that provides definitions of technical terms and jargon used in the context of the platform. It is a useful resource for users who are new to the platform or unfamiliar with the technical language used in the field of conversational marketing.

Cosine similarity

Written by ChatMaxima Support | Updated on Mar 12

Cosine similarity is a measure used to determine the similarity between two non-zero vectors in a multi-dimensional space. It is widely used in various fields, including information retrieval, natural language processing, and machine learning, to compare the similarity of documents, text, and data points.

Key aspects of cosine similarity include:

  1. Vector Space Representation: Cosine similarity operates on the vector representation of data, where each dimension of the vector corresponds to a feature or attribute of the data.

  2. Geometric Interpretation: Cosine similarity measures the cosine of the angle between two vectors, providing a measure of similarity that is independent of the magnitude of the vectors.

  3. Normalization: It is often used in conjunction with vector normalization to ensure that the similarity measure is not affected by the length of the vectors, focusing solely on the direction of the vectors in the multi-dimensional space.

  4. Range of Values: The cosine similarity score ranges from -1 to 1, where a score of 1 indicates that the vectors are perfectly similar, 0 indicates no similarity, and -1 indicates perfect dissimilarity.

  5. Applications: Cosine similarity is widely used in information retrieval to compare the similarity of documents, in recommendation systems to measure the similarity of user preferences, and in text analysis to assess the similarity of textual content.

  6. Mathematical Formulation: The cosine similarity between two vectors A and B is calculated as the dot product of the vectors divided by the product of their magnitudes, expressed as cos(?) = (A • B) / (||A|| * ||B||), where ? is the angle between the vectors.

Cosine similarity provides a valuable tool for comparing the similarity of data points in a multi-dimensional space, enabling applications such as document similarity analysis, content recommendation, and clustering of similar data points.


In conclusion, cosine similarity is a fundamental measure used to assess the similarity between vectors in multi-dimensional space, providing a valuable tool for various applications in information retrieval, natural language processing, and machine learning. By focusing on the direction of vectors and providing a scale-independent measure of similarity, cosine similarity contributes to the development of effective similarity-based algorithms and systems that rely on the comparison of multi-dimensional data.

Cosine similarity